Category Archives: Dead Sea geology

dead sea lichtenberg figure discharge

Dead Sea Valley region and Lichtenberg figures

dead sea lichtenberg figure dischargeThe Dead Sea Valley region shows Lichtenberg figures (Lichtenberg electrical discharge patterns). Lichtenberg patterns are the result of an electrical discharge.

Lichtenberg figures (Lichtenberg-Figuren (German), or “Lichtenberg dust figures”) are branching electric discharges that sometimes appear on the surface or in the interior of insulating materials. Lichtenberg figures are often associated with the progressive deterioration of high voltage components and equipment.

During breakdown, branching tree or fern-like conductive channels rapidly form and propagate through the plastic, allowing the trapped charge to suddenly rush out in a miniature lightning-like flash and bang. Breakdown of a charged specimen may also be manually triggered by poking the plastic with a pointed conductive object to create a point of excessive voltage stress. During the discharge, the powerful electric sparks leave thousands of branching chains of fractures behind – creating a permanent Lichtenberg figure inside the specimen. Although the internal charge within the specimen is negative, the discharge is initiated from the positively charged exterior surfaces of the specimen, so that the resulting discharge creates a positive Lichtenberg figure. These beautiful objects are sometimes called electron trees, beam trees, or lightning trees.
Lichtenberg figures

Dead Sea region – natural Lichtenberg figures?

Lichtenberg discharges can be seen in nature in lightning and lightning strikes on humans or ground often produce lightning flowers. You can also get fulgurites in sandy areas where lightning strikes the ground. The Grand Canyon also looks like a very large natural Lichtenberg figure.

dead sea valley magnetic survey map

Sodom and Gomorrah not destroyed by earthquake?

sodom gomorrah magnetic survey mapWere Sodom and Gomorrah not destroyed by an earthquake? If it was not an Earthquake then what natural events did destroy them?

Sodom and Gomorrah earthquakes?

Below is a quote about a magnetic survey of the Dead Sea Valley region. If the exact locations of Sodom and Gomorrah could be located then this magnetic map would help see if they were on any geological features.

dead sea valley magnetic survey map

Despite infrequent seismic activity and only intermittent surface exposure, the fault is delineated clearly on a map of the first vertical derivative of the magnetic intensity field, indicating that the source of the magnetic anomaly is shallow (the first vertical derivative map emphasizes magnetic anomalies of shallow origin.

The general lack of surface expression of the fault in many areas along the valley may reflect the absence of surface rupture during earthquakes.

The magnetic data also indicates that unlike the San Andreas Fault, the location of this part of the plate boundary was stable throughout its history. Magnetic anomalies also support a total left-lateral offset of 105-110 km along the plate boundary. Finally, despite previous suggestions of transtensional motion along the Dead Sea Transform, we did not identify any igneous intrusions related to the activity of this fault segment.
The Dead Sea Transform Fault: Its expression in the magnetic field

Dead Sea Valley area gravity results

Does this also mean that geologists believe nothing massive in an earthquake manor has effected the Dead Sea Rift Valley where Sodom and Gomorrah were supposed to be located, near that Vale of Siddim which was occupied by the Dead Sea?

Our interpretation of fault locations based on the gravity and on seismic reflection data indicates that the motion along the 420-km long Dead Sea tectonic plate boundary is accommodated by at least 15 separate fault segments with segment lengths varying between 25 and 55 km. More fault segments are shown buried on seismic reflection profiles and do not offset or perturb the upper sedimentary section, indicating that they are no longer active. Strike-slip faults tend to smooth themselves as they mature.
The basins of the Dead Sea region

Dead Sea Valley tectonics

dead sea area tectonicsDead Sea Valley tectonics – can they show if any geological events have happened in the past in the Dead Sea area?

Depending on if you believe in geology theory and dating theory could they have happened recently?

Dead Sea Valley are tectonics

The Dead Sea Transform is free of recent thermal and mechanical complications. It is located at the boundary between the stable Arabian shield and its Triassic-Jurassic Tethys passive continental margin (the present eastern Mediterranean).

Within the valley there are numerous subsurface pull-apart basins of different sizes. Pull-apart basins are generated by fault-parallel extension in areas of geometrical irregularities within strike-slip faults. As such, these basins represent mechanical extension of the crust with little contribution from external or internal heating.

Tectonics and Geology of the Dead Sea

Dead Sea Rift Valley geology

If chemicals, minerals, geological features are shown or known to be formed or due to high energy or heat processes then could this show that an event or events have happened in the Vale of Siddim?

mount sodom salt dead sea basin isreal

Dead Sea geology – Mount Sodom

mount sodom salt dead sea basin isrealThe Dead Sea geology is unusual for the area, the Dead Sea Basin has many surprising geology features and lots of minerals and resources.

Are these the product of millions and millions of years of geology or due to relatively recent events?

Mount Sodom

Mount Sodom is arond 10 km long and about 2 km wide, its top is 200 meters above the Dead Sea surface and is said to go 190 meters below sea level.

Mount Sodom, a beautiful and somewhat strange natural structure, rises 230 meters above the level of the Dead Sea and holds roughly a billion tons of pure salt. Mount Sodom looks like a giant block of salt (and, it kind of is). It sat at the bottom of the Dead Sea and was lifted out over time by little earthquakes. The mountain has been sculpted over thousands of years by wind and by water, and continues to be shaped today.
Mount Sodom: A Giant Heap of Salt

Why has it not been worn away? Unless it was recently either brought to the surface or formed where it is found in the Dead Sea region – ‘the Valley of Siddim, which is now the Dead Sea’.

How did these earthquakes keep rising it up and up? Did they do that to other geological features in the same area and level?

Why is it such a lump of pure salt? If salt was such a valuable commodity in times past, after all the word salary comes from being paid in salt, why was not this natural source of salt so easily available not completely mined out or dug away and taken away?

Why does it have a few thin layers of silt and marl?

Over the years salt accumulated to a layer of 4km height, on top of which eroded rocks and other minerals were deposited. The underground heat had melted the salt, and the weight of the rocks above creates a pressure that forces the melted salt up along the sides. The mountain is an outcome of this massive force, and it keeps rising 1cm per year.
Mount Sodom – Location and Geology

Or is this the easy answer? Mount Sodom grows, shrinks, heats (keeps heating and melting?) and up she rises but up the sides?

Mount Sodom caves

Mount Sodom has many caves.

There is an amazing number of caves and tunnels, some hundreds of feet long. This points to an interesting historical conclusion: the mountain must have been hit by huge amounts of water, over and over again. Only the largest deluges of water could have led to the formation of so many intricate passageways and rooms within the mountain.
Mount Sodom: A Giant Heap of Salt

Contrary to any other rock, the salt dissolves rapidly in water. Erosion and creation of underground cavities are more than 50 times faster than in limestone or dolomite.

The “Malch’am” (The Israeli Center for Caves Research) Cave beneath Mount Sodom is the longest known cave in Israel, and the longest single natural salt cave in the world. It is 5,500m long and is full of breath-taking salt stalactites, with endless vertical and horizontal volumes.
Mount Sodom – Location and Geology